Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Fake News: Home

Resources about fake news


As recent politics have made abundantly clear, news (i.e., a report of current events) might not be as true as it appears. At the same time, mass media play an increasingly significant role in today’s society.  More than ever, we need to consciously and critically analyze and evaluate mass media messages, such as the news, and then decide how to respond. This guide provides resources that can help you and your community be savvy media consumers and producers -- and be an informed and contributing citizen. Don't get faked out by the news.

What Is Fake News?

Fake news is deliberate, publicly published disinformation/hoax/lie purported to be real news.

Media Matters for America explains the fake news universe.

Fake news is one type of misleading news. EAVI describes 10 types of misleading news:10 types of misleading news

Compiler and Professor of Library Media

What are some of the realities of fake news?

A 2015 Pew Research Center report that millennials tend to get their news from social media.

During the latter part of the 2016 Presidential campaign, fake news was shared and commented more than real news, according to a Buzzfeed report.

75% of us fall for fake headlines, according to an 2016 Ipsos Poll.

Almost a quarter of adults have shared a made-up news story, according to a Pew Research Center study. That study also found that two-thirds of adults say that fake news leads them to be confused about basic facts of current news, although more than three-quarters feel at least somewhat confident about being able to recognize fake news.

A 2016 research study by Stanford faculty focused on students’ news-literacy tasks, and found that middle and high school students, and even some in college, have trouble distinguishing which online resources are credible.

This statistics portal shows statistics and facts about fake news.

Several magazines and websites have featured the issue of fake news:

  • Nieman Reports Fall 2016
  • Scientific American April 2017 and September 2019
  • Time April 3, 2017
  • Wired May 2017
  • National Geographic June 2017
  • The Atlantic September 2017
  • New Yorker September 4, 2017
  • BuzzFeed, Dec. 6, 2020
  • ProPublica

What are consequences of fake news?

When people believe fake news, they are misinformed, and may make poor decisions. When people don't know what to believe, they may become frustrated, polarized, confused, fearful, distrustful, cynical, and withdrawn. None of this helps society.

Here are some discussions about the consequences of fake news.