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Fake News: Discerning Fake News

Resources about fake news

Dealing with Fake News

Fake news in magnifying glassCan you tell something is fake news? How do you respond to it: ignore it, accept it, share it, refute it, combat it?  Here are sources to help you gain the skills to discern and critically evaluate fake news.

Processing Fake News

Fake news engages both our minds and emotions as we encounter, process and react to it. Scientists and psychologists have studied those efforts, and fake news creators leverage those attitudes and behaviors. 

Also look at the advertising section of the Media Literacy box.

 

Fact Checking Tools

Fact- checkers are people who verify the authenticity and accuracy of news. Their findings are published in the following websites.

  • FactCheck is a nonpartisan, nonprofit “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. They monitor the factual accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in the form of TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews and news releases.
  • Snopes explains the veracity of websites, and fact-checks fake news.
  • Reporters' Lab maintains a database of global fact-checking sites.
  • FakeorFact, available for Chrome and Firefox, analyzes articles based on 6 criteria.
  • First Draft provides resources for reporting and sharing information that emerges online.
  • Media Bias Fact Check, available on Chrome and Firefox, focuses on level of bias.
  • Truth or Fiction focused on looking at internet hoaxes and rumors, but extended its range to include general fake news.
  • Hoax-Slayer (run by an Australian) focuses on hoaxes and misinformation shared on social media.
  • Polygraph.info (a joint venture between Voice of American and Radio Free Europe) fact-checks information, mainly coming from Russia.
  • Full Fact is a British charity that fact checks and provides a fact-checking toolkit.
  • Lead Stories helps users fact-check information and debunks fake news.
  • SurfSafe evaluates the authenticity of images.
  • Politifact scores media claims.
  • NewsGuard uses journalists to check validity using 9 criteria.
  • Trusted News, for Google Chrome, places stories on a spectrum from good to harmful.
  • Our.News encourages users to review the sources behind each news article.
  • Credder rates news items and permits feedback.
  • The Trust Project indicators disclose a news organization's ethics, other standards for fairness and accuracy, and writers' background.
  • Google's Fact Check Explorer is targeted to journalists, and is available to the public.
  • Trusted News is a Chrome browser plugin that alerts users when they are on a site they may carry fake/biased news.
  • Hoaxy visualizes the spread of claims and fact checking.
  • Media Matters fact checks political statements.
  • AllSides rates media bias, and searches across the political spectrum to provide balanced news.
  • NewsRadius.news covers news thematically providing left, right, center documents.
  • Digital Polarization Initiative is a cross-institutional project to helps students fact-check and contextualize stories.
  • Civikowl is a fact-checking app.
  • NewGuard analyzes news for trustworthiness or misinformation.
  • TinEye and other techniques help trace an image's source.
  • Fotoforensics.com checks the veracity of photo images.
  • This image reviewer checks URL's metadata.
  • SurfSafe checks the validity of photos.
  • MIT discusses the use of algorithms to discern fake news
  • Media Bias/Fact Check checks the bias of media sources. They list 10 fact checking sites.
  • Web literacy for student fact-checkers is a handbook that teaches valuable critical thinking skills and habits; it includes a list of fact-checking sites:

Strategies to Uncover Fake News

Here are techniques to uncover fake news.

Fixing Fake News

Here are some of the strategies people use to combat and fix fake news.